As organizations continue to leverage IT systems to support their businesses, the requirement of managing privileged users is rapidly emerging. Privileged IDs are the in-built system accounts within applications, operating systems, and databases. Additionally, user accounts that are created for administration of systems are also privileged IDs.
These IDs have higher and generally unrestricted authority associated with them to allow efficient system maintenance. As a side effect, these IDs can also be used to make widespread changes to the business systems.
Usually, these IDs, especially the ones that are in-built, are shared among the groups of administrators. This method of sharing highly powerful access can cause accountability concerns and non compliance with regulatory requirement, thereby significantly increasing the access risk.
Data can be stolen undetected or IT systems can be sabotaged by misusing the privileged access, since these IDs have access to systems from the backend and can bypass the control deployed for business users.
The rapidly emerging trends of cloud computing, consolidation of data centers, virtualization and hosted application services providers imply growing numbers of IT systems and privileged IDs. Any organization using significant number of IT systems like servers, network devices, desktops, or applications faces the requirement of managing privileged IDs.
Regulatory and government requirements for telecom, banking and IT verticals create an even greater need to address this requirement. Recent prominent and high profile security breaches in these verticals across the globe highlight the degree of access risk caused by inadequate privileged ID management.
What Not to Do
Limiting the privileges granted to these IDs will not mitigate the risk as it will render the useless IDs to perform its functions. Alternatively, some organizations aim to bring in accountability by assigning individual IDs to their administrators in order to eliminate sharing. This approach is helpful only for managing a small number of administrators managing few systems.
In-built IDs will still need to be shared even if administrators use their own individual IDs. To add to the complexity, some IT systems enforce a limit on the number of individual accounts that can be created to manage them. Moreover, the number of individual IDs grows multiplicatively with the increase in both the number of administrators and managed systems.
For example, an admin team of twenty managing a thousand systems can easily be dealing with more than 20,000 IDs. The cost and complexity of managing the lifecycle, enforcing password policies and access controls on so many individual IDs makes this approach suboptimal.
Mitigating the Risk
What is needed is a comprehensive and modular approach to privileged access and activity management. Privileged access and activity management is an identity management domain comprising of the same traditional building blocks of User Provisioning, Single Sign-on and Access Management, Role Management, Password Vault and SIEM tied together with robust solution design based on well thought of policies and procedures.
A good solution approach uses an iterative model to focus on each of these areas and improve them incrementally by understanding how it integrated with other building blocks. This approach allows for a modular solution which not only can solve immediate problems with least disruption and change to the existing practices, but also scale to meet the evolved requirements as the business and expectations grow.